Research Technician Job Description

Research Technician Job Description

Clinical research technicianContext

In the race for drug companies that are engaged in pharmaceutical research, clinical trials represent a key phase of drug development and other health products. Technicians in clinical research have an important role to play to the investigator that manages and controls the conduct of research.

Clinical Research Technician Description

The technician's role in clinical research is to assist the investigator throughout the process of setting up at the end of the trial. He therefore apply the research techniques of the living. For this, he participated in patient recruitment and coordination between them and the various clinical services. He works for a university hospital or a private company, technician clinical research still assumes responsibility for the quality, reliability and authenticity of data collected.

Clinical Research Technician Main tasks

∙ Participate in meetings to set up protocols
∙ Identify and select patients in clinical studies incluables
∙ Organize their visits on time under the Protocol
∙ Take measurements on living
∙ Prepare biological samples for analysis
∙ Ensure storage (labeling, storage) in accordance with "good clinical practice"
∙ Send, if necessary, the samples to laboratories for analysis
∙ Complete the specification of investigation with patient data and format the results
∙ Follow up with the patient (adverse effects, organization of subsequent visits)
∙ Liaise with all stakeholders in research (clinicians, pharmacy, biologists, laboratories ...)
∙ Support aircraft maintenance and update their calendar of Use
cForm continuously to new techniques

Clinical Research Technician Degree

To work as a technician in clinical research, it is necessary to obtain a college diploma (DEC) in medical technology, biology ... Bachelor'sDegree in science is an advantage.

Clinical Research Technician Skills

∙ Possess a good grounding in biology
∙ Have control of research techniques in living
∙ Know the technical software and those related to the presentation of results
∙ Control office software: Word, Excel, Powerpoint, Access, Outlook
∙ Have some legal concepts about the clinical research
∙ Know business terminology in English
Research Technician Job Description
Clinical Research Technician Skills

∙ Practical and synthetic
∙ Sense of responsibility
∙ Rigorous, organized, self
∙ Able to work as a team
∙ Sense of dialogue and diplomacy

Clinical Research Technician Salary

The salary of the technician in clinical research will depend on the level of education, experience, the province in which they work and finally the characteristics of his employer (private or public). Overall, we can say that the technician in clinical research will receive remuneration ranging from 30 000 to 50 000 per year.

Clinical Research Technician Professional development

The medical research technician, after several years of experience, may wish to move to another discipline such as quality, economic studies or choose a different path such as management or training.

Pharmacy Representative

Pharmacy Representative

Pharmacy Representative Description

In a given area, the representative of Pharmacy's mission is to develop requirements for pharmacists and doctors for the products of the pharmaceutical company that employs him. There are more than 58,000 representatives in Canada are many advantages to this profession: flexible hours, high salary, company car and freedom to act important, but it is also a strong pressure from the sales department and a strong competition among pharmaceutical companies. As such, the best way to get a job is networking. In fact, companies use ads only when word of mouth did not work, and there your chances being eroded sharply: 150 responses to an offer displayed.

Personal skills are more important than the technical knowledge that can be learned during training by the employer.

Pharmacy Representative Main tasks

Analyze its territory, the sales volume and business opportunities
Develop an action plan and run
Present medications, answer objections and questions of the speaker
Organize information sessions, develop partnerships
Monitor administrative

Pharmacy Representative Degree

A bachelor's degree is required to work as a pharmacy representative, regardless of the subject followed.
Companies prefer the candidate's profile and willingness to learn scientific knowledge.
Obtaining the CCPE (Council for Continuing Pharmaceutical Education), however, is an asset.

Pharmacy Representative Skills

Have an interest in science and the pharmaceutical industry (context, developments, issues)
Master sales techniques in general and those specific to the drug ideally
Have good basic computer
Be bilingual


Taste for contact
Listening skills and persuasive
Tact and diplomacy
Intellectual curiosity
Sense of method and analysis
Pharmacy Representative

Pharmacy Representative Salary

It is known that the pharmacy representative earns a good living from the base salary, the variable premiums, excluding reimbursement of expenses. The starting salary is $ 30 000 and can reach $ 100 000.

Pharmacy Representative Professional development

The representative of the pharmacy after several years of practice may wish to change or to the sale in general - then it will abort the pharmaceutical industry - or remain in the health field to discover new business. It may then become responsible for pharmacy representatives, trainer or recruiter.

How to become a Regulatory Affairs Specialist

How to become a Regulatory Affairs Specialist

Regulatory Affairs Specialist (SAR)

The development of a company in the pharmaceutical or biotechnology requires the proper registration of its products and the periodic renewal of licenses. Obtaining approvals from regulatory agencies (Canadian, American, European) with the Therapeutic Products Directorate of Health Canada (TPD) is crucial. The main departments involved in this approval are research, development and production.

Regulatory Affairs Specialist Description

The mission of the Regulatory Affairs Specialist (SAR) is to prepare and submit applications for registration for the products of the company that employs him. Biotechnology companies, which have fewer resources than large pharmaceutical companies, prefer experienced candidates or the use of consultants. SAR plays a real strategic role, and is involved in all stages of the process, unlike its counterpart in a large group that has a position more segmented with more administrative tasks.

The SAR is averaged from 10 to 15 years in the same company, the turnover rate is low. It is recommended to encourage networking by joining various associations to participate in seminars and trade shows, and also for access to recent publications. There is currently a high demand for SAR for medical device companies.

Regulatory Affairs Specialist Main tasks

∙ Prepare, coordinate and monitor applications for registration
∙ Review compliance labels and communication equipment
∙ Develop strategies to ensure compliance with regulatory guidelines
∙ Take the steps to register the products to provincial formularies and payers
∙ Make regulatory monitoring
∙ Participate in interdepartmental meetings and conferences and symposia

Regulatory Affairs Specialist Degree

It is recommended to have a university degree in science (bachelor's, master's, doctoral) whether in biology, chemistry, toxicology, pharmacology and others.

Regulatory Affairs Specialist Skills

∙ Have a good expertise in laboratory analysis, manufacturing processes and in clinical trials
∙ Know at least the Canadian regulations (regulations about American or European is an asset)
∙ Have good knowledge in mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology
∙ The master computer
∙ Be bilingual


∙ Strategic thinking and innovative approach
∙ Attention to detail
∙ Maturity, autonomy and decision
∙ Organization
∙ Relational qualities
∙ Easy to write
How to become a Regulatory Affairs Specialist

Regulatory Affairs Specialist Salary

The salary of a young specialist in regulatory affairs is in the range of 50 to $ 70 000. Average earnings, regardless of the number of years of professional experience, is about $ 90 000.

Regulatory Affairs Specialist Professional development

The Regulatory Affairs Specialist will progress in stages. At the end of the first year, it will begin to master the subject. After three years of professional experience, the SAR will be autonomous and may submit only one bid. Between ten and fifteen years of practice in this position, it will be considered senior.
If the specialist regulatory affairs has excelled in obtaining approvals and has been able to develop communication skills, marketing and management, so many opportunities offered to them: development (Project Manager, Development Planning) external relations with the certification bodies, technological ...

Pharmacologist Salary

Pharmacologist Salary


Other Name: Pharmacology

Pharmacology covers all aspects of medicine, as well as their employment history and their consequences. Pharmacology includes pharmaceutical technology, that is to say regarding the drug from its conception to its administration, the pharmacodynamics: effects of drugs on living organisms, pharmacokinetics is to say the changes undergone by drugs in the body, from ingestion to elimination.

Pharmacologist Description

The pharmacologist is first and foremost a physician, pharmacist or a biologist of the drug. It conducts experiments and analysis to better understand the effects of pharmaceuticals and drugs on the human or animal. Its role is also to improve the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of physical illnesses and psychological.

The pharmacologist working in the laboratory for basic research in the pharmaceutical or biotechnology, in educational institutions or finally in hospitals.

Pharmacologist Main tasks

∙ Search the efficacy and safety of a drug
∙ Make tests to study the mutagenic (mutation), carcinogenic and teratogenic (malformation) of certain chemicals and drugs
∙ Set up the customary dose of the drug
∙ Partake in the research of new products (new drugs or new production techniques)
∙ Make available in a row on drugs
Pharmacologist Salary

Pharmacologist Degree

The pharmacologist has an initial training in pharmacy, molecular biology, medicine, biochemistry before specializing in pharmacology.
A pharmacologist who has a Master of Science works as a technician or research associate. With a PhD, it may be an independent researcher for a university or a company.

Pharmacologist Skills

∙ Have some knowledge of biology, biochemistry, physiology, pathology and biostatistics.
∙ Have skills in statistics and mathematics
∙ Demonstrate skills in information technology and computer science
∙ To show interest in developing new cures and treatments

Pharmacologist Skills

∙ Analytical and data processing
∙ Abilities to solve problems
∙ Creative and innovative approach
∙ Curiosity
∙ Precision
∙ Patience and tolerance

Pharmacologist Salary

Early in his career, a pharmacologist will receive compensation of between 38 and $ 46 000. After several years of experience, he can expect to earn $ 120 000 or more depending on degree it has acquired.

Pharmacologist Professional development

The pharmacologist can stay in their lanes and climb the ladder, becoming director and supervisor. It may also wish to move to other places such as sales, marketing or patents.

The evolution to a pharmacologist who works in an international company through jobs - career opportunities - abroad. It must therefore be prepared to be relocated.

Pharmacist research

Pharmacist research

The code of ethics of pharmacist's states that these last-must "help the development of the profession by sharing their knowledge and experience with other pharmacists and students, through participation in courses and training courses and the work and scientific research in the field of pharmacy. " They can then act as initiators and collaborators on research projects: basic, clinical, evaluative, epidemiological, qualitative, or pharmacon-economic development.

Pharmacist Description

The pharmacist researcher will mainly work on two areas of research: the contribution to drug development and evaluation of care and pharmacy services. It can invest in a pharmaceutical research company, but also within a university, hospital or Institute. He must be able to manage its research as a true mission, and thus ensure its financial, human (nursing assistant, statistician, a clinician) and hardware (computer, communication tools and medical equipment).

Pharmacist Main tasks
Pharmacist research

∙ Develop a research plan: identify the need or problem, define the objective and the target population, writing the research protocol
∙ Apply the research protocol to involve subject's consent, provide the pharmaceutical services, interpret data and analyze results
∙ Disseminating research results: how scientific papers, publish and implement the research results
∙ Write documentation of adverse events
Therapeutic monitoring

Pharmacist Degree

After earning a Bachelor of Pharmacy, the student must choose between:
∙ The Master of Pharmaceutical Sciences designed to train students in research
∙ The Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Sciences whose purpose is to train independent researchers

Pharmacist Skills

Pharmacist-researcher who is involved in research

∙ Know and practice the ethical codes
∙ Be able to apply methods of scientific research

Pharmacist-researcher who initiates a search

In addition to the two skills mentioned above, it must:

∙ Know and implement the steps that lead to the development of the research plan
∙ Be able to present the results of rigorous research by the standards of publication required


∙ Acute attention to detail
∙ Good communication
∙ Excellent writing skills
∙ Ability to work independently
∙ Ability to manage a team

Pharmacist Salary

An assistant researcher in a pharmaceutical company, a biotechnology firm or a university department can start with a salary of $ 40 000. Director's salary in pharmaceutical research in large units may reach $ 150 000 excluding bonuses.

Pharmacist Professional development

A pharmacist researcher can be in his career work on research projects increasingly important and may need to lead teams. Every career requires a mastery of interpersonal skills and management, often requiring follow-up training in these areas.

Microbiologist job description

Microbiologist job description

Microbiology is a science which is divided into several areas: bacteriology, virology, parasitology and immunology. The objective of microbiology is to increase the specific knowledge to counter the spread of harmful microorganisms and to learn practical applications of research results (waste-water treatment, waste processing, fermentation, fertilization, drugs).

Microbiologist Description

Microbiologist studies the structure, metabolism, genetics and ecology of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or algae. He is interested in the relationship of these organisms among themselves and with their environment and observes the adverse and beneficial learned.

The microbiologist must look to biology (the constitution and functioning of living bodies) and enjoy working in a concrete way with precision instruments.

Microbiologist Main tasks

Studying bacteria (nature and characteristics)
∙ Classify, isolate the bacteria cultures and make
∙ To chemical analysis and biological analysis of the behavior
∙ Prepare reports
∙ Publish the results
∙ Possibly supervise the work of a team
∙ Participate in scientific meetings
Microbiologist job description

Microbiologist Degree

To access the job of microbiologist, it is recommended to have a bachelor's degree in microbiology.
Over 60% of students study in order to obtain a master's or doctoral degree.

Microbiologist Skills

Master the laboratory techniques
∙ Know the GLP (Good Laboratory Practice), GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) and HACP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points)
∙ Having concern for the safety and apply WHMIS (information system on hazardous materials at work)
∙ Have computer skills


∙ Analytical and synthetic
∙ Rigor and thoroughness
∙ Sense of initiative and autonomy
∙ Capacity for teamwork
∙ Multipurpose
∙ Good oral and written communication

Microbiologist Salary

The remuneration of a microbiologist depended on the industry in which it operates. It also depends on the level of study. A microbiologist with a bachelor's degree will have an average wage of $ 32 000, while a master's degree will earn about $ 45 000.

Microbiologist Professional development

Career development depends, again; the industry has chosen the microbiologist. After several years of experience, he can coach a team more or less. It also can switch from one industry to another. A microbiologist interested in academic careers, can do research, to become a teacher and publications.

How to be a Pharmacist

How to be a Pharmacist


Pharmacist Description

Community pharmacists (neighborhood pharmacies, supermarkets) and hospital pharmacists perform the orders, provide information about drug use and keep a record of medication dispensed. Industrial pharmacists participate in turn in the research, development, testing and manufacturing of new drugs. They develop information materials concerning the uses and therapeutic effects of certain medications and evaluate the labeling and packaging, as well as advertising for medicines.

Pharmacist Main tasks

Community pharmacists and hospitals:

∙ Check prescriptions to ensure the correct dose
∙ Fill prescriptions, and to this end, calculate, measure and mix quantities of drugs and other substances necessary, and put the amount prescribed in appropriate containers
∙ Dispense prescribed pharmaceuticals to customers or other health care professionals and advise them on indications, against-indications, side effects, drug interactions and dosage
∙ Keep a record of drugs dispensed to customers as well as toxic substances and narcotic sold
∙ Ensure the packaging, preparation, storage of vaccines and distribution, serums, biologicals and pharmaceuticals and other drugs
∙ Order and maintain stock of pharmaceutical supplies
∙ Provide advice to clients on the selection and how to use prescription drugs

Industrial pharmacists

∙ Participate in research to develop new drugs
∙ Formulate new drug developed by medical researchers
∙ To test and verify the stability of new drugs and determine the absorption and elimination
∙ Coordinate clinical investigations of new drugs
∙ Control the quality of drug products during production to ensure compliance with standards of purity, uniformity, stability and security products
∙ Develop information materials concerning the uses, therapeutic effects and risks of certain drugs
∙ To evaluate the labeling and packaging of drugs as well as advertising of medicines
∙ To promote pharmaceutical products to health professionals

Pharmacist Degree

You usually have a bachelor's degree in pharmacy and an internship under the supervision of a pharmacist. To practice as a community pharmacist or hospital, you must have a license issued by provincial or territorial.
How to be a Pharmacist

Pharmacist Skills

∙ Strong basic science (chemistry, pharmacology, biochemistry, genetics, etc.). To control the dosage, propose a change in prescription or preparation, interpreting test results
∙ Good pedagogy to explain the dose
∙ Ability to manage supplies, inventory
∙ Control of inventory management software (software configuration, integration into supply chains with suppliers ...)
∙ Business skills and negotiation skills in relationships with wholesalers and manufacturers


∙ Discretion (medical confidentiality)
∙ Sense of touch
∙ Rigor
∙ Ability to work as a team
∙ Ability to adapt to changing technologies and materials

Pharmacist Salary

The average hourly wage for pharmacists ($ 44) is higher than the average for occupations in the health sector, and for all occupations combined ($ 21).

Pharmacist Professional development

Additional training in management and marketing of pharmaceuticals dispensed at the university are available to pharmacists. They also have access to many professional specialization.

How much do Pharmacy Technicians make

How much do Pharmacy Technicians make

Pharmacy Technician

The pharmacy technician can work in a pharmacy in the retail networks, independent pharmacies, clinics and hospitals, and related organizations such as pharmaceutical companies, insurance companies and health insurance life, sale of bulk drugs and pharmaceutical supplies.

Pharmacy Technicians Description

The pharmacy technician provides administrative support and technical assistance to pharmacists working in hospitals or retail pharmacies.

In most retail pharmacies, the technician is often interrupted by orders, phone calls, questions from staff and those of clients. Hours can be long and irregular, sometimes in difficult conditions. The work is challenging and requires precision, there is no room for error. The technician spends most of his day standing and must lift and move objects weighing up to ten kilograms.
How much do Pharmacy Technicians make

Pharmacy Technicians Main tasks

It measures, prepares, packages, labels and delivers drugs. He keeps lists of patient prescriptions computer and make sure you deliver the right drugs. It also handles home health products such as canes and hearing or vision.

Following his post, he can also handle supplier invoices, answering phones, directing customers to the items to the pharmacist for a consultation or pharmacy, obtain written prescriptions, sterilize bottles, clean and bottling instruments drug, answer questions on non-medicated and keep the cash register.

Pharmacy Technicians Degree

High school diploma with courses in biology or chemistry is recommended. Mainly hospitals require one year of study in pharmacy colleges.

Pharmacy Technicians Skills

∙ excellent knowledge of mathematics
∙ mastery of computer
∙ basic knowledge of chemistry or biology


∙ concentration and precision
∙ good memory, clarity, reliability
∙ manual dexterity
∙ excellent oral and written communication

Pharmacy Technicians Salary

The average annual salary amounts to 28,531 dollars, with an average low located 13,046 dollars, and an average high amounting to 36,981 dollars.

Pharmacy Technicians Professional development

One can, after some years of experience, progress to a supervisory position or to the pharmacist.

What is a chemist

What is a chemist

Chemist Description

Research and development in technical sales, through production and quality control, the term "chemist" cuts across various businesses. In the laboratory, the chemist is responsible for analyzing the properties of molecules and to invent new reactions. In a factory, he designed and optimized facilities for mass production, while ensuring environmental compliance and safety. It can also handle the marketing of chemicals. Whatever its function, it is not uncommon that manages a team of professional technicians.

Chemist Main tasks

• conduct economic feasibility studies and technical areas related to chemical industries, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, other processing industries, pulp and paper, food and cosmetics
• Perform research to develop or advance processes, and chemical reactions
• evaluate the materials and chemical process technology and determine production specifications
• design and testing facilities and equipment for chemical and related processes
• supervise the construction, modification, operation and maintenance of pilot
 plants, units or treatment facilities
• develop and conduct programs of quality control, operating procedures and control strategies to ensure consistency and compliance in respect to raw materials, products, waste or emissions
• Prepare contract documents and evaluate tenders for industrial construction
• Supervise technicians, technologists and other engineers
• perform administrative tasks including developing guidelines and requirements for handling hazardous chemicals, the environmental protection or standards on food, materials and consumer products

Chemist Degree

The BA in chemistry is a minimum, possibly with a specialty by field where you want to change. However, the vast majority of chemists have a Master's level at this time. You should also know that the profession is regulated as a chemist. To exercise this right, you must be a member of the Order of Chemists of your province.

Chemist Skills

• Knowing the "alphabet" of basic chemistry, the periodic table of elements
• Anticipate the interactions of different chemical molecules
• Control software and machines specific to chemistry
• Know popularizing complex issues with lay terms
• Being bilingual in written and oral
• Able to write clear and accurate reports

What is a chemist

• Observation capabilities
• Patience
• Rigor
• Adaptability
• Autonomy and organization
• Interpersonal skills

Chemist Salary

A chemist junior earns 22 000 and $ 24 000 annually. End of their career, it is possible to reach 80 000 to $ 100 000. Of course, everything depends on the functions performed, the level of graduation, the size of the company and the status of the employer (private or public).

Chemist Professional development

The classical evolution is to direct a laboratory or unit. Many chemists are also courses in administration in mid-career. Others prefer to act as experts for the court, for example in court cases.



The BioAnalyst, or bio informatics, is involved in fundamental and functional research to extend knowledge of living organisms, deal with natural resources and new products in the fields and develop new practices of the agriculture and medicine . He works in both laboratory and field for government agencies consulting environment, resource companies, and utilities, chemical companies, pharmaceutical and biotech as well as health facilities and of education.

Bioanalysts Description

Located between the world of computers and of biology, computer BioAnalyst applies to different fields of biology such as genomics.

Bioanalysts Main tasks

The BioAnalyst is a manager of database system's specific biological data. In collaboration with experts from medical, surgical and pharmaceutical companies, he developed specialized software and databases used to support diagnosis and treatment by computer or working on the development of telecommunications technology network for specific requirements (remote consultation between specialists, surgical hotline electronic transmission of video images, etc.).. Computer specialist, he also has training and experience to understand the medical information he needs to compile and computer processing, and the complex needs of medical community in telecommunications.

Bioanalysts Degree

A college degree in natural science with chemistry and biology, with a BAC of mathematics, computer science or biology, or a PhD MSc. Bio informatics is recommended to enter this profession.

Bioanalysts Skills

∙ mastery of the various analytical tools of biological data (analysis software, programming languages, modeling and database design)
∙ very good knowledge of biology (molecular genetics), statistics, probability
∙ control features of project management collection, supervision and recording of results
∙ excellent knowledge of English.


∙ analytical skills, abstraction and synthesis
∙ rigor and method
∙ adaptability to position themselves correctly in relation to a dual membership disciplinary
∙ listening skills and teamwork
∙ autonomy and critical thinking

What is Medical Laboratory Technician

What is Medical Laboratory Technician

The profession of laboratory technician, female 80%, has an unemployment rate (3%) lower than the national average (7%). The rate of employment growth is also expected to be above average, due to current trends: the growing and aging population leading to increased demand for health services, the emergence of new technologies for diagnosis and treatment, and increased government investment in health. However, the increased use of automated procedures for diagnosis and treatment will likely slow job creation. The highest concentrations of medical laboratory technicians are in Alberta and Quebec and lowest in Newfoundland and New Brunswick.

Medical Laboratory Technician Description

Medical laboratory technicians work in medical laboratories in hospitals, clinics, research institutes and universities and in government research laboratories.

Medical Laboratory Technician Main tasks

Collect samples of blood or other samples from patients;
Receive tissue samples from patients;
Note the patient samples and prepare them for testing;
Prepare the medical laboratory equipment;
Perform routine laboratory tests and analyze the samples;
Clean and maintain medical laboratory equipment.

Medical Laboratory Technician Degree

For medical laboratory technician, you must have a high school diploma and have received training in the workplace, or have completed a technician or assistant for a period of six to fourteen months. For medical laboratory technician and radiology, you need training combined laboratory technology and radiology.
Most new workers in the field have a college diploma, and almost 40% have an undergraduate degree.

Medical Laboratory Technician Skills and abilities

Learn teamwork
Have business skills
Have communication skills
Computer skills
What is Medical Laboratory Technician

Medical Laboratory Technician Salary

The hourly wage of the laboratory technician ($ 23.00) is close to the national average ($ 21.00) and its growth rate is above average.

Medical Laboratory Technician Professional development

Clinical and private laboratories offer good job opportunities. Regularly refresh your knowledge of new medical technologies and improve your communication skills, this will allow you to distinguish you from other candidates.

How to Become a Medical Laboratory Technologist

Become a medical laboratory technologist in Canada

If you want to work in the province of Quebec, you must contact the Professional Order of Quebec medical technologists for requirements for certification.

In another provinces, there are three steps to become a medical laboratory technologist:

∙ Be declared eligible to take the national certification examination Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science. To qualify, you must:
* successfully complete an educational program, approved by the Canadian Medical Association or
* successfully complete the process of PLA Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science.

∙ Pass the national certification examination Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science
* You must apply for the exam and pay the appropriate fees.
* The exam is offered three times a year across Canada.
* It is not necessary that you live in Canada to pass the exam, but you must come to Canada to pass.
∙ If you want to work in a province where the profession is regulated after the exam, you should contact the regulatory body for the province in question to determine its requirements for membership.

Before you arrive in Canada
How to Become a Medical Laboratory Technologist

During your waiting period before your arrival in Canada, there are many important things you can do to improve your chances of success.

The Referral Office to foreign credentials is an organization of the Government of Canada that provides useful resources such as the guide you want to work in Canada and the Working in Canada Tool . Use these resources to find information important to develop and plan your job search.

You will demonstrate your knowledge of English or French or a test. You will find information at the following address: . If you need to improve your language skills, start before coming to Canada.

Start your Prior Learning Assessment (PLA) with the Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science. The PLA considers your academic learning from experience (practice), your professional and your work history to determine your equivalency compared to the national standard. You can finish your assessment before coming to Canada, but you have to come to Canada to pass the certification exam Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science.

Your education materials, labor, and official identification are important. It is much easier for you to collect and organize your documents while you are in your country. Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science recommends that your college / university send the documents in English or French, if possible.

Find a Job in Canada

You should take the time to research the requirements for employment and develop a plan to find work. You should seek help.

Many hospitals and health centers display a list of employment opportunities on their website. Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science has a bulletin board of job opportunities for its members.

Membership in professional associations is useful to learn about the profession in Canada.

Medical Laboratory Science

Medical Laboratory Science

Medical Laboratory Science in Canada

You can live and work anywhere in Canada. There is requiring for medical laboratory technologists in mutually huge cities than in minor communities. The majority medical laboratory technologist’s working in hospitals, but the works are available in private laboratories, clinics, community health, public health facilities, university research laboratories, biotechnology companies and laboratories. Branches are clinical chemistry, hematology, clinical microbiology, transfusion science, diagnostic cytology, clinical genetics, histotechnology electron microscopy, immunology, virology, flow cytometry and parasitology.
Medical Laboratory Science

Certification is time-honored Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science across Canada. Occupational health laboratory technologist is a health profession regulated by Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. In this provinces, you will need a license to work. Profession is not regulated in British Columbia in Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador and the territories. It is your responsibility to contact the appropriate regulatory authority to establish the conditions for granting the license.

Hemoglobin A1c Test

Hemoglobin A1c Test

- also called HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin or glycohemoglobin - is an important blood test used to determine if your diabetes is well controlled.

Hemoglobin A1c is a means of monitoring blood glucose over a period of 6 to 12 weeks, used in combination on glycemic control at home to establish an adequate glucose profile for adjustments to the treatment of diabetes.

Hemoglobin A1c Test
Hemoglobin is a essence in red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body. When diabetes is notbalanced (meaning blood sugar is excessively high), glucose accumulates in the blood and combines with hemoglobin thus constituting "glycated hemoglobin". Therefore, the average amount of glucose in the blood can be determined by measuring the hemoglobin A1c for determining the blood glucose levels through a period of 120 days.

The collection ...

Blood collection for analysis of HbA1c is a venous blood on a peripheral vein (usually veins of the back of the hand or the bend of the code) on a tube containing an anticoagulant. It would be preferable to indicate any treatment taken and report it.

Normal HbA1c

For normal people, normal value of hemoglobin A1c is between 4% and 6%. Studies have repeatedly shown that poorly controlled diabetes leads to complications in the long short, the goal for people with diabetes is an A1C less than 7%. The elevated the hemoglobin A1c, the upper the risk of occurrence of diabetic complications is important.

How often should HbA1c be measured?

A person with diabetes should perform this test each 3months to determine if their blood sugar has reaching into the target stage of control. Those who have diabetes well balanced may be able to space the Hb A1c blood tests, but experts recommend checking at least two times a year.

Changes in HbA1c

A patient having diseases upsetting hemoglobin such as anemia might obtain irregular results with this test. Further abnormally may affect the domino effect of hemoglobin A1c such as overload of vitamins such-as vitamins E and C and higher cholesterol, kidney and liver can also affect the test of hemoglobin A1c.

What is Proteinuria?

What is Proteinuria?

Proteinuria is the most common urinary abnormalities, it is defined by the presence of protein in the urine (proteinuria) at a rate greater than 150 mg (0.15 g) in 24 hours.

Proteinuria can be detected at the dipstick when the rate is> 300 mg / l and must be confirmed by a laboratory quantitation (proteinuria of 24).

Proteinuria is always pathological, except in one situation where the normal proteinuria 300mg/24: pregnancy.

Proteinuria is an analysis that is done on the urine of 24 hours.
What is Proteinuria

Note: The dipstick only detects albumin from all other proteins that may exist in the urine.

Assay of proteinuria and urine collection.

The urine collection:

empty the bladder in the morning at 08 am without collecting the urine.
collect all the urine (even those of the night) until the next 08h,
Interest of the determination of proteinuria.

Proteinuria of 24 hours in a quantitative and qualitative interest:

Quantitative study: dosing of 24h (24h urine collection), there is a physiological proteinuria of 50-150 mg/24 h, when proteinuria is> 150mg/24 h is a pathological proteinuria.
Qualitative study: urinary protein electrophoresis of 24 is used to find the selectivity of proteinuria and detection of multiple myeloma.

Selectivity of proteinuria.

Selective proteinuria> 80% albumin, purity criteria of nephrotic syndrome.
Non-selective proteinuria <80% albumin, test impure nephrotic syndrome.
Circumstances of discovery of proteinuria

Proteinuria can be discovered in of exploring an edematous syndrome, screening with a dipstick,
record of hypertension or systemic disease, monitoring of pregnancy.

The main situations in which proteinuria increases.

the main situations in which proteinuria increases are:

1. Intermittent proteinuria

It proteinuria that occurs and disappears after the disappearance of the cause can be:

heart failure,
febrile illnesses in children,
haematuria macroscopic

2. Proteinuria contemporary a urinary tract infection

3. Orthostatic proteinuria

encountered in children and young adults,
may be abundant, but without clinical signs
confirmed by measurement of urine collected in strict supine for several hours (disappearance of proteinuria).

4. Proteinuria and hypertension

Hypertension old: nephro-angiosclérose
pregnant women: pre-eclampsia

5. The nephrotic syndrome post-infective

Kidney due to infection

6. Nephrotic syndrome

7. Other causes of proteinuria

There are other situations where one can find an increased proteinuria:

Urinary tract infection,
Diabetes ,
the general glomerular diseases (eg systemic diseases)
chronic interstitial nephropathy
8. Special case: proteinuria of multiple myeloma.

Proteinuria is abundant, not detected by the dipstick because the proteins other than albumin, protein electrophoresis gives a spike in multiple myeloma.


In conclusion, proteinuria should be taken as a symptom and not a disease in itself: it is not to treat the proteinuria but to seek and address the causes that led to the installation of this urinary abnormality.

Supplements for Menopause Symptoms

Supplements for Menopause Symptoms

Menopause is a stage, which takes place in every woman's life, and which can be quite difficult to solve. There is never a fast time for women, because there are so many different changes that occur in their bodies, and they must be handled a wide variety of symptoms. First, the menopause are some really intense symptoms. Similarly, the transition can cause a woman to become very uncertain, and it began to feel unfeminine because it is already pregnant and bear children.

Supplements for Menopause Symptoms
It is important that the women going through menopause is difficult to find a treatment that can help provide relief. There are so many horrible symptoms that women have to deal with anxiety into oblivion, and so of course they should get what they can carry out, if it means that you will feel better during this time. Menopause is a toy for some women, but this is rare, and therefore the major changes that are happening in a woman's body is usually a very difficult phase in their lives. Fortunately for all women is more complex care than ever before, and what you can do to find relief from their symptoms of menopause.

Note menopause is something that is very useful to do, because it significantly facilitates the symptoms of menopause. Menopause is complete, because the hormone levels up to the woman's body. When it goes through menopause hormones, and in particular, which contains estrogen and progesterone begin to fluctuate greatly, and this is what usually causes that all of the different symptoms that women have to tolerate, as they go through menopause. There are many different supplements that are available for only a few that stand out, and that doctors usually recommend.

This includes ProgestaCare Life-Flo supplement that works incredibly well. Reduces the size of the intensity of the symptoms of menopause, and how well it is a counter-balance the effects of estrogen dominance, both of which are the main factors that cause problems for women at this stage of his life. This is actually recorded the best-selling progesterone cream for women in menopause. It is inexpensive and available at most pharmacies, which makes it easy to find.

Note menopause is just one of many different treatments that can be used during menopause. All women have to go through this at some point or another, although some women are younger than the others dealing with menopause. For every woman who starts to encounter the effects of menopause, which should reach out and talk to their healthcare provider right away. Your doctor can discuss the various products that are available with the patient and tell them, whichever seems most appropriate.

Causes for Early Menopause

Causes for Early Menopause

If you're like most women thought that they would never get the time again is welcome though! However, in terms of menopause, it is much more serious than just not have the time. For some, menopause is coming soon. When this happens, it is usually caused by one of the three following reasons. Whatever the reason, as soon as the mirror normal symptoms of menopause symptoms of menopause.

Premature ovarian failure

Causes for Early Menopause
This is one of the most common causes of premature menopause. This is usually caused by an autoimmune disease where the immune system mistakenly attacks itself. Your body believes that the immune system sends antibodies to fight disease, and this issue. In some cases, your body can not control these antibodies in the genitals. When this happens, it can not happen soon, because the transition from the ovaries are badly damaged. If the ovaries are damaged, this means that the ovarian function, and this is the basic definition of menopause, and premature menopause. Although there is no right way to translate, you can take care of your health, do not know what to expect and when studying the family history, whether the presence of an autoimmune disease.


Cutting the genitals can help you with the beginning of menopause. For example, if you have the ovaries removed, it will probably be immediately pushed into early menopause. If you have a full hysterectomy, that is, ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes removed, the experience of premature menopause as well. The main drawback of surgically induced menopause early, it can often be much more powerful than the traditional menopause. This is due to a gradual reduction of hormones in the system and everything that happens immediately.

Even if you are able to keep the ovary a hysterectomy may still be thrown into early menopause. Why is that? This is because the damage is a common ovarian surgery genitals. So even if the ovaries remain, it is possible to stop working after the surgery. This also applies to Tubal Ligation, such as surgery may also send a woman in early menopause.

Chemically induced premature menopause

The last class of premature menopause is a chemically induced menopause. This is followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy, because both could seriously damage the ovaries. Sometimes women experience cessation of menstruation during the chemical treatment itself, but even when menstruation returns to the ovaries are often too damaged to return to fertility. Many drugs for cancer, particularly breast cancer, block estrogen production, which sends the women to early menopause. Unfortunately, often times it is the only way many have the opportunity to become cancer free.

Age of Early Menopause

Age of Early Menopause

The average age of onset of natural menopause is 51 years. However, for genetic reasons, medical or following a disease, it can occur before the age of 40. Menopause occurring before this age, whether induced or premature, is that "menopause Early ".

In addition to hot flashes, mood disorders and other symptoms after menopause normal, the prematurity of early menopause causes other problems of physical and emotional. For example, early menopause marks the end of the fertile period and it would be difficult to imagine a woman who wants to get pregnant.
Age of Early Menopause

Symptoms of early menopause.

Common symptoms of early menopause are:

Irregular periods more or less abundant than usual.
Hot flashes, which means that the ovaries produce less estrogen.
It may also meet during the early menopause:

Vaginal dryness.
Irritation of the bladder and urinary incontinence.
Emotional signs (irritation, mood swings and depression passing).
Signs of dehydration in the skin, eyes and mouth.
Libido disorders.
Finally, if you are under 40 years and if you have these symptoms, you should report to your doctor in one of the following cases:

You have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
You or a family member has an autoimmune disease: hypothyroidism, Graves' disease or lupus.
You have tried unsuccessfully to get pregnant for over a year.
Your mother or sister had early menopause.
How to diagnose an early menopause?

The attending physician will make you automatically a physical exam and a blood test to rule out other causes early menopause, including pregnancy and thyroid disease. It is also useful to measure the level of estradiol, the main hormone estrogen. Low indicates a decreased activity of the ovary, after less than 36 is menopause.

Test the most important and most used to diagnose premature menopause and measuring the rate of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH prompts the ovaries to secrete estrogen. When this secretion decreases, FSH levels rise. If it exceeds 30-40 mIU / mL, it usually indicates a menopause.

What are the risks associated with early menopause?

Like any woman in menopause, the breakdown of estrogen in women in early menopause exposed to certain diseases, including osteoporosis.

There is also an increased risk of contracting colon cancer , ovarian cancer, periodontal disease, tooth loss and cataract formation.

And the fact that contrary to natural menopause, early postmenopausal women lose up faster protective level of estrogen, the risk of contracting these diseases is even greater.

How to deal with early menopause?

Although the risks and emotional disorders are more important than the waning of natural menopause, symptomatic treatment remains the same. Women wishing to get pregnant should consult a specialist to address the issue.

Early menopause is irreversible?

As the result of an underlying process, early menopause is still reversible.

Early Onset Menopause Symptoms

Early Onset Menopause Symptoms

In addition, vaginal dryness is also a great purpose to create a loose sexual motivation, because it touches the terrible.

Early menopause symptoms are characterized by less vaginal lubrication, which reduced sexual success you want. When estrogen drops every woman will sooner or later lead to thinning and drying of the vaginal walls, which significantly increased considerably less lubrication, and can also cause major problems when one engage in sexual performance. So as a result, you'll find a lot of girls lose interest in sex altogether.

The changes are for professional use is also one of the menstrual cycle in the early menopause indicators through a series of girls. Menopause often brings hormonal imbalance, which eventually leads to their acquisition of girls in moon cycles, very soon, or delayed for longer. Hormones are what you create for each egg and ovulation when hormones are manipulated, it is useful for early or delayed menstrual cycle.
Early Onset Menopause Symptoms
Hot flushes are another very typical of early menopause symptoms, which tend to be female at this stage of everyday life. Lack of estrogen after menopause, the time often leads to the result in scorching flashes. All of this is usually caused by hormonal imbalances throughout the body, which increases the metabolism of free nature. Hot flushes are ultimately wrong signal to the adrenal glands, which pushes the excess energy.

Early menopause symptoms are clearly visible in the individual meetings of strange hair extension, especially in such areas undesirable. Testosterone is what you decide on the process of our body hair, and when it is ultimately discussed, the result of unwanted hair growth, and sometimes even lead to hair loss. When estrogen drops, so the final result of an imbalance of testosterone, which eventually lead to unwanted hair, or hair removal.

So I just came home from a long day at work to do. Everything you want to do is go to bed and get a good night's sleep. 20 minutes into a deep rest, you wake up on a very hot blue sweat and sweat. Your clothes are drenched to the extent that you need to adjust them to get used to again. These feelings come to you suddenly, you're not positive what could make this a very hot flushes. Well, if you're 40 years, or up to 30 years, it is quite possible for you to meet with a premature menopause symptoms.

For starters, let me tell you why you go through these warning signs, and I can tell you how to stop these annoying flashes and other symptoms as effectively. Premature menopause symptoms are caused by two products: the physical pain and imbalance in our estrogen levels. Some additional warning signs associated with premature or perimenopausal symptoms:

Changes in mood
Support for fatigue
Hot flashes
Vaginal dryness
Irregular period
Bladder weakness

Lupus and Menopause

Lupus and Menopause

Symptoms of Lupus / flare, and menopause. Women 42 years seems to be some of the symptoms of menopause. However, there may be a lupus flare (which hopefully is not. It been in remission 2 years). Just wondering if change the hormones that cause lupus symptoms, or if they are associated to menopause or perimenopause. about a months, has developed a sleep, waking up frequently, could not sleep the whole night, except for night sweats. Turning off the fatigue, in fact, doubled rheumotologist Provigil, It could make it through the day. So frustrated cause, but when at work do not have the energy to do anything at home. All piles up and gets overwhelming. Then have depression and anxiety.
Lupus and Menopause

Some other symptoms are: change of the head (more frequent and severe), muscle and joint pain, increased anxiety and loss of libido. Rheum also diagnosed me with fibromyalgia (which they understand is quite common in lupus patients) and irritable bowel syndrome. They also have hypothyroidism and were treated for depression and anxiety in two years (for depression improves).

Symptoms that you could be part of the transition / perimenopause - or could be lupus. Rheumy said with the aim of the hormonal fluctuations of perimenopause/menopause may increase lupus symptoms - as a result it can not be both. They see a gynecologist. They always do some hormonal lab and see what your body is doing in this department. We hope to see a gynecologist who is teary help some of these symptoms. Someone here has better ideas.

Just think that menopause and / or perimenopause, can cause symptoms similar to lupus. A mother had lupus, and her doctors are constantly trying to cause premature menopause with him, because he said, after menopause, lupus can go to the semi-permanent remission (and perhaps hormones have a lot to do in September lupus). They had not succeeded in inducing the transition to the mother, but it was certainly worth trying. Maybe you can ask your doctor about it.

They are similar to symptoms of a similar age. Following the investigation, both of Obstetrics and teary, and that most of the symptoms were controlled by a lupus treatment lupus symptoms were almost certainly cause / associated with.

When the emotional PMS (I have never had any PMS before), and unpredictable menstruation Gyno and still managed to find any obvious signs of the transition, even though he did not find any problems with Gyno, so stay due to lupus.

In any case, suggest that good research and rhuemy Gyno and it is a good idea. Lupus is a mess w / hormones that mess w / Gynecology things, and things Gyno is a mess w / hormones that mess w / lupus stuff, so it really should be tested for lupus and Gyno both corners.

Rhuemy prescribed Trazodone to help sleep may be very tired and sleep for hours, if they are still in deep, deep sleep, you can still tired. When a sleep aid, I really do not sleep less and am less tired.

How to Treat Menopause Naturally

How to Treat Menopause Naturally

Menstrual irregularities, hot flashes, sweating, hypertension, circulatory problems, insomnia, sudden mood swings, intolerance to external stimuli ... They are the classic symptoms of menopause. Live with serenity is not impossible. Here's how to minimize the "side effects" of this physiological event, with the right mental attitude and with the help of nature.

Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation to stop the activity of the ovaries, aged 45 to 52 years or so. It marks the end of the woman's fertile period and can be caused by physiological or pharmacological or surgical intervention. While by no means a disease but a natural physiological event, is experienced by most women as a pathological condition, a "fracture", which inevitably involves substantial physical, psychological and social. The beginning of the third age is a difficult transition for each woman, albeit in a way, subjective perceptions and expectations, is faced with practical and existential problems that can threaten her femininity and affect their quality of life. At this time already a very delicate period of profound transformations, where she enters a new phase of life, manifest a number of diseases and disorders, major changes occur in the body, there is the fear of losing their status Social and suffering, anxiety and impatience for the future for the present situation. The absence of the menstrual cycle as the scanning time can also feed the painful sensation that "their time", in a sense, has ended.
How to Treat Menopause Naturally

In ancient civilizations the menopausal woman acquired a special power, related to the "purity" found. Having completed the full course of the transformation of women (puberty, adolescence, pregnancy, menopause) to guarantee women the opportunity to access the highest civil and priestly functions. The cessation of menstrual fact sanctioned a return to the condition of original purity, the virginal innocence, and gave the real power.

Unfortunately today we live in a society guided by the logic of maximum performance, where productivity is the only measurement of the value of an individual, and the loss of reproductive capacity may be tinged with negative connotations, to become a sign of the exhaustion of its value , the loss of creative power and vital energy. It is instead the beginning of a new phase of life, in which the creative impulse, instead of pouring out cyclically, has the ability to focus entirely to the inner self. Symbolically, we are witnessing a shift of energy from below, from genital and reproductive functions, up, consciousness. If you can live positively and then, in this period, for women, integrate into their personalities a part of himself first linked to the biological world and develop a creativity that allows it to shift attention to other aspects of life. If the woman is not ready for this change to resist a chance to meet a new part of himself.

The common symptoms of menopause, hot flashes, tachycardia, dizziness speak of a flow of energy, a "fire", which, no longer locked down, tends to open up a gap to enliven the mind, consciousness . The potential biological psychic creativity is transmuted slowly, giving the woman an important opportunity for renewal and enrichment of personality. The fire of hot, freed from the "hormone storms" should instead be seen as evolutionary thrust of his personality. The circulatory disturbances, in this key are the light of the implementation of a resistance to change of role, image, status, and the reflection of "unconditional" the unconscious fear of meeting the new.

Commonly the word menopause refers to a condition of the woman and not to a specific time in the life of the menstrual cycle. In fact, from the medical point of view, menopause identifies a precise time, date of final cessation of menstrual flow. The events that precede and follow this event include a wide variety of physical and mental changes and occupy a period longer or shorter.

Premenopause: The menstrual cycle has already begun to show irregularities, but the woman does not prove any classic symptom of menopause such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Generally a woman reaches menopause after 45 years.

Perimenopause: identifies a period of about four years exactly straddling the menopause, the date of cessation of menstrual flow. The menstrual cycle is highly irregular and appear intermittent episodes of vasomotor type, hot flushes and sweats.

Menopause: the date of cessation of spontaneous menses. To identify at least one year must pass without menstrual bleeding.

Postmenopausal: identifies all the latest phase of female life, going from two years of menopause at the end of life. In this phase consolidates the changes of the vagina, uterus and changes in the bladder mucosa and muscle. Become more apparent and the urinary loss of tone of the breast tissue. Greater risk of bone fractures for osteoporosis and the risk of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

Disorders related to menopause can be numerous and very subjective. But undoubtedly the most reliable ones are menstrual irregularities, hot flashes and problems related to changes in the genital tract. All three of these events depend dall'abbassamento estrogen. Other symptoms such as depression, mood swings, sadness may not be directly associated with hormonal changes. It is true that low estrogen levels make women more vulnerable to stress and anxiety.

Hot flashes are the most common symptoms of menopause and affecting more than 60% of women. The hot flash is a sudden heat wave that starts from the waist or chest and reaches the neck, face and sometimes the rest of the body. Face and neck can become red and red spots present. In what often follows copious perspiration and subsequent chill a rebalancing signals the body temperature. They are very common in the evening and in hot weather, but can also occur during the day. Are also possible triggers strong emotions, sudden changes in temperature, digestion difficult. Each hot flash lasts from 15 seconds to 30 minutes, the average is still 5 minutes. Sometimes heart palpitations accompanied by hot flashes.

Drug use is not always the best solution to quench hot flashes. If we can limit the discomfort with simple precautions: avoid wearing synthetic clothes (preventing perspiration), use cotton sheets, do not put neck, keep cool drinks at hand, stop smoking (smoking narrows blood vessels and can intensify and prolong the flushing) avoid coffee, alcohol, sweets, spicy foods, abundant meals, exercise (improves circulation). The lowering of estrogen has important implications on the reproductive system of women, since they make the mucosa moist and supple female sexual organs. The vagina, poorly stimulated, becomes thinner, loses elasticity and becomes dry and barren. The decrease in secretory capacity also transforms the vaginal environment that reduces its normal acidity, which makes the vagina more vulnerable to infections, especially fungal ones. Although the uterus is gradually reduced in volume and retracts.

The changes of menopause, sometimes seriously interfere with sexual activity due to reduced capacity for secretion, the vagina tends to lubricate and slightly more slowly, which may make intercourse painful.
One of the most important health problems of women in menopause is a risk of osteoporosis, where bones become thin, brittle and more prone to fracture. There are now numerous scientific evidence that estrogen deficiency associated with this progressive and debilitating disease, which in fact seems more closely related to menopause than a woman's biological age. The risk of osteoporosis is higher in smokers in alcohol abusers, in women undergoing surgical removal of the ovaries, in those who underwent lengthy treatment with corticosteroids and in all situations of nutritional deficiency.

The menopause brings with it the increased risk to some serious diseases: hypertension, atherosclerosis, angina and stroke, very popular after a certain age. Estrogen protects women of childbearing age from these diseases, but protection disappears rapidly after menopause when the estrogen level drops drastically and the risk of cardiovascular disease increases over the years. After menopause there is a change in the levels of blood fats of women as a direct result of estrogen sag. LDL cholesterol, the bad, increases and decreases HDL, the good one. Elevated LDL and total cholesterol may contribute to the development of stroke and heart attack.

Natural remedies
Many women now realize that drugs are not the only answer to the problems of the female menopause. The contribution of natural medicine is focused on strengthening women's body, promoting balance and self-regulation during this phase of life. Alternative treatments during menopause shift the interest from estrogen replacement therapy on natural ways of self-care. Eating habits and nutritional changes accompanied by specific natural therapies such as acupuncture, shiatsu, herbal medicine, homeopathy, Bach flowers and oligotherapy have shown, in different sizes, you can relieve menopause symptoms. (Menstrual irregularities, hot flashes, night sweats, heart palpitations, vaginal dryness and mood changes) and to reduce the risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease.

Hormone replacement therapy
The cyclicity of the menstrual flow in women of childbearing age depends on the balance between the hormone estrogen, progesterone, FSH, LH. During menopause, the hormonal balance begins to change: estrogen and progesterone are generally lower than the norm, and FSH and LH are higher menstrual flow is still present but in an irregular manner. This occurs because the ovaries become less responsive to stimulation of the pituitary hormones. Decreases so the ovarian production of estrogen and progesterone, which results in a shortening and irregular cycles. A shortest cycle is often the first sign of perimenopause. The gradual fall in hormone levels leading to the cessation of ovulation and the disappearance of the menstrual cycle (menopause).

Hormone replacement therapy has proved effective in reducing and, sometimes, resolution of many menopausal disorders. Recent studies have turned their attention to certain substances called isoflavones, often also referred to as phytoestrogens (plant estrogens) as their biological activity is similar to that of the female hormone, estrogen. The most important isoflavones for humans are contained mainly in two plants, soy and black cohosh racemosa. The therapeutic effectiveness of Cimicifuga racemosa has been known since antiquity, and owes its name to the fact that once was used to ward off the bugs, they do not like the smell of its flowers, and against snake bites. Very best known are the properties of soy isoflavones, but the plant, to keep intact its rich content of active ingredients must be absolutely "not genetically modified."

Foods and beverages that become part of our diet not only directly affect the health of our bodies, but also our appearance, mood and vital energy that sets us apart. For women in menopause is important, first, require adequate and well-balanced diet, supplemented with specific foods that can improve the function of organs involved and reduce the symptoms connected with this period. Here then is some dietary rules to deal with menopause with confidence and without interference.

Organic Food: grains, vegetables and organic fruits, vegetables and fish, they offer the best guarantee of healthy, balanced meals, refining and storage of foods greatly impoverishes the nutritional value. Many women of menopausal age are not subject to hot flashes, painful menstrual irregularities and vaginal dryness are vegetarians or take special plant foods. Among those plants are to be preferred: whole grains (oats, wheat, barley, rice, rye), herbs (sage, parsley, mint, garlic), vegetables (fennel, carrots, potatoes, green beans), fruit (apples, pomegranates, cherries, dates, citrus fruits, berries), legumes (soy, peas, lentils, beans).

PHYTOESTROGENS: found in many plant foods that stimulate the body's production and adjust the level of estrogen and progesterone. Soy in all its forms it is very rich, but many other plant foods contain them. Here's where to find the phytoestrogens: garlic, alfalfa, dill, orange, whole oats, carrots, Cimicifuga racemosa, Brussels sprouts, cherries, onion, coconut, cumin, tarragon, bittersweet, beans, fennel, ginkgo biloba, ginseng, wheat buckwheat, raspberry, lentils, lemon, licorice, apple, peppermint, blueberry, blackberry, whole barley, dwarf palm, sweet potato, peas, tomatoes, rhubarb, green, brown rice, rue, sage, skullcap, sunflower seeds, Flax seeds, rye, sesame, soy, tea, red clover, grapes.

Low fat: A healthy diet is not entirely devoid of fat, and some in fact are nutritionally essential. The linoleic acid and linolenic acid are essential fatty acids, useful in women approaching menopause because the dryness of the fight tissues, especially the vagina and skin. Also regulate blood pressure and cholesterol levels, protecting against the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Foods that contain these valuable fatty acids are walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, seeds and their oils, natural soy and its derivatives.

BIOFLAVONOIDS: are substances naturally present in foods and have a moderate estrogenic activity. For this are useful in controlling menopause symptoms, especially hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Foods that contain more you have all leafy greens, the skin of grapes, berries, cherries and white pulp of citrus.

Vitamin E: Regulatory action has on hormones produced by the pituitary to stimulate the ovaries. Insomnia, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, menopause symptoms are palpitations themselves of a diet with adequate intake of vitamin E. We are rich in fish and crab meat, whole grains, asparagus, cabbage, eggs, almonds, nuts, seeds and oils of organic cold-pressed.

LESS PROTEINS: proteins can have positive effects if they are not always derived from animal and consumed in excess. Red meat worsen menstrual pain and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome increases the risk of osteoporosis, being rich in phosphates that interfere with the absorption and excretion of calcium. Excess protein can lead to a reduced absorption of calcium and magnesium and a lack of B vitamins, with important consequences on bone metabolism. Reduce consumption of animal protein, favoring fish, white meats and legumes.

LESS SUGAR: The refined white sugar is not only free of their nutrients than other types of sugars contained in foods directly, but affect the absorption of calcium can trigger hot flashes and forces the body to consume many vitamins, especially group B, which are actively involved in its metabolism. All this does not help the woman who, near the menopause, must face the direct risk of osteoporosis and needs a diet rich in essential nutrients. Gradually replace the sugar grains and organic fruit.

LITTLE COFFEE: Caffeine is a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system that often over-excited, reacts causing anxiety, tachycardia, palpitations, tremors and headaches. Hot flashes, night sweats and insomnia in many women in the age of menopause are just triggered by caffeine. The coffee is not the only source of caffeine, is also found in tea, chocolate, many soft drinks and many medicines.

NO ALCOHOL: Alcohol is generally not good for your health, and affects, significantly, on the health of women approaching menopause. Insomnia, depression and hot flashes are aggravated by alcohol consumption. Also interferes with the absorption of calcium and vitamin D metabolism, increasing the risk of developing osteoporosis.

SHORT SALE: in women approaching menopause, the salt can produce hot flashes and contribute to calcium loss from bones. It can also aggravate disorders of PMS (irritability, headache, mood fluctuations, bloating and breast pain). To reduce your salt intake is not enough to just add salt to food. The labels of many packaged foods appear the words salt or sodium. The salt is not only used to flavor food but also as a preservative at low cost. Then gradually begin to make less of potato chips, crackers, salami and other cured meats, cheeses, processed food "ready" packaged, canned and smoked meats.

Some homeopathic remedies, by virtue of the general and deep that distinguishes them, can become a valuable alternative treatment for menopause symptoms.

LACHESIS mutus: is the remedy most commonly used in menopause. The symptoms evoked by the venom of Lachesis Mutus, a snake that lives in the forests of tropical America, are strikingly similar to those that accompany the arrival of menopause: hot flashes, palpitations, menstrual irregularities, headaches with throbbing sensation and weight, mood changes, insomnia with difficulty falling asleep. The hot Lachesis are accompanied by a feeling of icy cold feet, palpitations by a nagging sense of anxiety or chest tightness that forces you to unbutton his shirt. The headache is a headache, or supraorbital back, sometimes they are manifested as headache with pain in the left buttons. Lachesis absolutely does not tolerate the constraints, does not like confined spaces and the physical contact and annoyance for all tight clothing (no tight clothing and necklace sets, belts can not stand. Anxious and sad in the morning happy and full of life in the evening , jealous and fearful woman Lachesis alternates moments of silence and periods of voracious loquacious.

GRAPHITES: is useful for treating symptoms of perimenopause, especially in women who are grossly overweight, pale and chilly, with problems of constipation and flatulence. Their skin is usually dry with spots and blisters that ooze fluid. Women are often indecisive, apathetic, sad, melancholy, sometimes frankly depressed. Extremely sensitive are moved easily, cry listening to music or seeing an exciting show. Graphites women experience a sensation of itching before or during menstruation, which is delayed, limited in quantity and rather short.

SEPIA: obtained by the ink of the cuttlefish is a useful remedy to relieve the ailments that accompany menopause, especially in lean women, the hair and dark eyes, and frequent problems with their liver and urinary disorders of the genitourinary system. The changes in the genitourinary apparatus, which can get to a descent of the uterus and bladder (prolapse), are a sign of the fall "down" mood, and the élan vital. Sepia in effect, she has a feeling of heaviness in the pelvis and the impression that everything falls down. So his mood is linked to characters of sadness, pessimism and irritability that give Sepia a vision of black life. In addition, the vaginal dryness that follows menopause greatly aggravates the state of frigidity and difficulties of living peacefully sex that often accompanies the woman Sepia. This leads to increase the natural tendency to isolation of these people.

THUY: it is one of the great basic homeopathic remedies. Equipped with wide and deep action, is particularly suitable for menopause symptoms affecting mainly the genital apparatus. The menstrual cycles are irregular, with early and prolonged menstruation, or scarce and intermittent. The woman who has more than it benefits from Thuya characteristics: it is chilly, with a tendency to obesity, where fat is concentrated mainly in the trunk and hips, and legs are thin and are sometimes perceived as fragile and delicate. The facial skin is oily and greasy and are often evident in the body and small benign skin growths. She has often been Thuya medical treatment with antibiotics, steroids, or worse has seen some of his problems after vaccinations. Thuya has obsessive ideas such as the fear of death or illness, the impression of not being able to sustain its body and the feeling of having something alive in the belly.

IGNATIA: remedy to consider if prevailing psychic symptoms characterized by instability, sudden mood changes (transition from laughter to tears from depression to joy) or paradoxical behavior (hysterical laughter upon hearing bad news, you feel better in the noise) . Another feature is the appearance of symptoms after a disappointment.

Minerals, seemingly minor items, are an important source of natural medicine in the treatment of menopause symptoms.

MANGANESE - COBALT: basic products for the treatment of common ailments of menopause and can be effectively combined with other natural therapies. Manganese regulates sleep patterns, reduces mood swings and alleviates any excessive and painful uterine contractions irregular cycle of premenopausal. Cobalt acts on the vasomotor disturbances, improving the episodes of tachycardia and palpitations, especially mitigating hot flashes.

COPPER - GOLD - SILVER: to be used in all those cases in which the menopause is associated with fatigue, lack of vitality and inability to adapt to a new state of the organism. Do not forget that these disorders often lead to depression and isolation. In addition, anti-infective properties and the ability to reinforce its Copper-Gold-Silver help to prevent episodes of genitourinary infections, common in many women in the age of menopause.

ZINC - COPPER: complex control of the pituitary-adrenal-genital heart, in particular zinc is a regulator of the pituitary. It is used in the treatment of hormonal disorders, smooths the flushing symptoms during the acute phase. If you experience anxiety even better to add magnesium.

Disorders involving the menopause, vasomotor, nervous, hormonal and genital load, can be addressed with herbs. Indeed, in some cases it can also act as a preventive measure. The greatest effect is on the autonomic nervous system, which favors the balance.

SAGE: known for centuries for its ability to regulate the menstrual flow, has now found a solid scientific confirmation in the complementary treatment of menopause symptoms. Sage is in fact very rich in phytosterols, the so-called "natural estrogens". These, although much lower than hormonal activity of estrogen produced by the ovary, if taken in good time and perseverance before gently relieve the discomforts of menopause, estrogen deficiency.

Black Horehound: Contains pro-hormones that reduce hot flashes and shows sedative properties. It is traditionally stated, thanks to the sedative and anxiolytic, in anxiety manifestations that accompany menopause.

HEART: dissolves irritability by relaxing the nervous system, tones the heart, soothes and regulates the pressure, real panacea against spasms and palpitations, bridle stress. It is used as a sedative in cardiac autonomic disorders: sudden rises and drops in pressure, hot flushes.

CRANBERRY RED: acts by attenuating the symptoms of reduced ovarian production of estrogen and progesterone that occur during menopause or when there has been an abuse of synthetic hormone therapies.

RASPBERRY: used in women's hormonal disorders and disorders of menopause, has antispasmodic properties and endocrine rebalancing in the uterus.

MELISSA: exerts a relaxing action on the nervous system and at the same tonic and empowering: soothes nervous tension and anxiety, relieves stress related disorders such as somatization and acts on the digestive spasms, palpitations, headache, dizziness, upward trend in blood pressure. It gives peace of mind, takes away the anxiety, calms the restlessness, overcomes sadness and boredom, psychological symptoms are often common in menopause.

Passiflora: its therapeutic action occurs mainly in relation to hot flashes, more action also has anxiolytic, reducing anxiety, promotes sleep nightly.

GINGKO: it is a good medicine for the elderly. Useful in cerebral circulatory insufficiency, arterial disease in lower limbs, vertigo, memory and decreases in depression, recurring problems at this stage of life.

OLIVE: solar plant, a symbol of peace, is a remedy for high blood pressure, lowers blood pressure by peripheral vasodilatation with no effect cardiodepressore. Particularly suitable for those with the least and those who suffer from high blood pressure source anxious.

HAWTHORN: cardiotonic, ipotensore, sedating the nervous system, is the calming of the heart par excellence. Lowers blood pressure because it improves circulation, reduces the emotional, the hypertension and improves sleep. Effective in neurovegetative dystonia disorders (anxiety, anxiety, dizziness, irritability, insomnia, palpitations, tachycardia, angina, and vascular spasms). Used to prevent menopausal hot flashes, tachycardia, angina, in associane with hormone phytoestrogen which offset the decline.

EQISETO: its activity is twofold, both as a diuretic and as a re-mineralizing the high silica content, bone mineral which enters into the constitution: the second law of "biological transmutation" of the silicon plant is transformed into calcium. Is used to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis.

The essential oils of sage and lemon balm are the best herbs to deal with menopause symptoms. The lemon balm essential oil induces sleep and regulates mood calming the nervous excitability. The essential oil of sage helps balance psychologically to respond to hormonal changes of menopause: is able to act with an overall balancing effect, relaxing, reviving and stabilizing the energies of the mind. Place 5 drops of 5 Sage and Melissa in a special speaker for the essences in the bedroom before going to sleep.

Flower Therapy
Flower therapy proves to be useful in alleviating some of the situations of distress related to menopause mental sphere. It should however be considered a complementary treatment to other possibilities of natural medicine such as homeopathy, herbal medicine, acupuncture and acupressure.
Mustard: relieves depression that seems to depend on for no apparent reason.

SCLERANTUS: assists when the mood is black; beneficial in the sudden and unexplained mood swings.

OLIVE: useful for restoring energy in the event of weakness and fatigue.

Mimulus: against the fear of growing old.

STAR OF BETHLEHEM: it is a comfort to those who feel the "weight of years"; useful at all times of sadness and melancholy experienced in relation to the loss of youth.

Physical activity
Practicing physical activity is consistently one of the best things you can do better than women to experience changes, physically and mentally, that accompany menopause. Physical activity exerts intense stresses that increase bone density and strength, the bones of the female organism in the first 4-5 years after menopause lose 5% of their density. It helps regulate levels of cholesterol and blood sugar, protecting by atherosclerosis and diabetes. Also you can hold off the blood pressure and reduce the risk of other cardiovascular diseases, risk increases after menopause. The slow and prolonged aerobic activities are more appropriate (bicycle, walking incurred, jogging), and yoga, qi gong, tai ji quan, bioenergetics, Pilates, disciplines are the most effective.

Free Host | new york lasik surgery | cpa website design